Hello everyone and welcome to this new video of uniform presentation. Today, I will introduce the uniform of American tanker, carried by armored troops at the end of the war, so the spring of 1945. Before starting this presentation, I must make two or three remarks. First of all, I’ll present what I wear to save you from a 2 hours video. This video is only a base for you to build your uniform, it doesn’t save you the purchase price of books or magazines or on Internet to do your own researches on the subject. I do not pretend to be an expert.So if you have any comments, you probably know more than me. You will find the entire kit-list in the description. History I’ll now present you the history of the journey made by the 9th Armored Division, the unit which I am attached with this outfit. The 9th Armored Division, nicknamed Phantom Division was constituted July 15, 1942, and arrived in England the August 26, 1944. It landed in Normandy at the end of September 1944, and arrived at the front the October 23rd, 1944, on patrol in a quiet area along the German-Luxembourg border. When the Germans launched their winter offensive, the December 16th, 1944, the 9th, with no actual combat experience, is suddenly itself engaged in intense fighting. The Division had severe clashes in Saint-Vith, Echternach, and Bastogne, its units fighting in remote areas. Its position in Bastogne held the Germans out of town long enough to allow the 101st Airborne to prepare the defense of the city. After a rest period in January 1945, the Division is preparing to cross the Roer River. The offensive was launched February 28, 1945 and the 9th crossed the Roer in Rheinbach and sends patrols in the town of Remagen. On 7 March 1945, elements of the 9th found the Ludendorff Bridge was still standing. When German demolition charges have failed to destroy the bridge, they crossed the disarmed and removed the remaining charges, which could explode at any moment. The Division has operated the bridgehead to the south and east across the river Lahn to Limburg, where thousands of Allied prisoners were released from Stalag XIIA. The Division is headed to Frankfurt and then turned to help the encirclement of the Ruhr pocket. In April, she continued east, circling Leipzig and secure a line along the river Mulde. The Division was moved south to Czechoslovakia at the end of the war in Europe, which ended May 9, 1945. The division was disbanded October 13, 1945. Uniform & Equipment The uniform starts with the T-shirt. It must be either green or white. Here there is a T-shirt from a famous militaria shop. I specify that this video is not sponsored. It’s better when it’s united, but it won’t be seen anyway on our outfit. Dog Tags are also worn above or below the T-shirt at your convenience. They contain, among other things, the soldier’s name, the registration number and blood group. Mustard pants M37 is the regulatory pants in US Army during World War II. This could be treated anti-gas and has a flap on the inside. Loops could be used to wear a belt, but it won’t be possible to use suspenders. The trousers were used during combat, but also for the dress outfit. The tankers were primarily US soldiers, thus could quite carry the mustard pants, like others wore trousers of other models, such as the M43 trousers, HBT trousers or tanker overalls. At the end of the Battle of Normandy, all US troops had their equipment replaced with new: it is the variety called “M43”. Among these elements, we find the Buckle Boots, first version of the modern Rangers. They were intended to replace the low boots to wear with leggings, and Corcoran for elite troops. It is in fact conventional US roughout service shoes with added pad on the top of the shoe, which is closed by two loops and two straps with eyelets. When you receive your shoes, they come with a very light color. It will apply a treatment for leather, the treatment being used at the time was the impregnite. I used a vintage box for them to have that color, and I wore them in the civil to give a patina to them. The sole is flat and squared, great way to see if it is Buckle Boots, or French postwar rangers, who have a different sole. The HBT shirt that I present here is a shirt 2nd type, the first type of shirt is very rare. We recognize a shirt 2nd type buttons and shape of the flaps of the pockets, which was rectangular. HBT means Herring Bone Twill, it was the work uniform the US military, which was often worn in combat. The shirt is color Olive Drab 7, which appeared in 1943, replacing the previous color that was sage green. Regulatory in the US military, the M36 belt consisted of many eyes for just hanging equipment on the belt. This system was also revolutionary for the time. The HBT shirt is tucked into the mustard pants, shirts like all the time, unlike the jackets. On this belt, we find everything a soldier may need quickly, which must remain within reach. We find a pouch magazines for Colt 1911, a canteen and his cup, all contained in its cover, and first aid kit content in his little pouch. To always keep in the front of the belt. If injuries occur, a comrade would use your first aid kit and not his. When Colt was not worn on a belt, he could be placed in a M7 leather shoulder holster. This holster is placed across, must be worn on the left, and a leather strap goes under the right arm to hook onto the ring that keeps the shoulder strap. This allows to have the gun near the body, while reducing the belt and improving the mobility of the soldier. The Colt 1911 A1 is an evolution of M1911 pistol, which was used during the WWI. It is chambered in .45ACP, hence his nickname Colt 45. His magazine could hold 7 cartridges. This is an airsoft model, from KWC, you can find the link to the complete review in the description of this video. The tanker jacket was born in 1943. Adopted particularly in armored divisions hence the name, it was very popular because comfortable, flexible, light and warm. It was an excellent windproof, unlike the M41 jacket, which had an open neck. This is kind of a 2nd tanker jacket, recognizable by its inclined side pockets. I intentionally added a ring on the zipper, but it was not regulatory. It just covers the HBT shirt, Colt and part of the belt, but everything is easily accessible. Many were the soldiers wore no insignia division. In reconstitution, it avoids to unsewn the badge if you need to represent another unit. Basically designed for riders, leather gloves were taken over by the airborne troops as well as the crews of tanks, which were often manipulate boiling objects. Fold the end on the loop so that it doesn’t cling to obstacles. When you’re in a tank, it must be able to protect your head of numerous shocks you may suffer. A heavy helmet is not practical, and not specially protected from shocks, it was decided to create a helmet that resemble the American football helmets at the time. Thus was created the M1938 tanker helmet. There are several types of production, and thus copies. The helmet have a part on the back of the neck and various straps are attached to snaps. It is adjustable inside with a lace. The tanker helmet allowed to contain a radio headset HS-18, itself composed of two R-14 headphones. The helmet was designed to contain these headphones, maintained through the side mounting tabs. These headphones were connected to a PL-54 jack socket. Tanker glasses M-1938 Resistal were prescribed goggles from the beginning of the war. Composed of rubber and leather, they are strained by an elastic strap, it is possible to place around the helmet. Production was stopped in February 1944 and all stock has been passed in the field, they have disadvantages corrected by the following models. A jugular in canvas will block the tanker helmet M1938, this strap being to hang on a press stud on each side. But it was rare to see this strap, this wasn’t practical, it was sometimes easier to remove the complete helmet for emergencies rather than disconnect all cables. Appeared at the end of the war, the chest group T-51 had replaced the SW-141 switch. There is almost no photos for use on the European front, but as it was developed before the end of the war, so it makes sense to be able to find, especially since some manuals evoked it at that time. The group chest was kept on the chest with elastic bands, unlike the SW-141 switch, which was kept around his neck. Cables hanging here were to be connected to the tank radio system, one in input and one output. This T-51 group set can handle the reception thanks to the SH-18 headset radio headphones plugged into the top of the box, but also manages the voice, thanks to the throat microphone T30. It consists of two small plastic discs that contain audio components, and an elastic band with snap buttons allow to pass around the neck. A small connector just plug it into the top of the T-51 chest group. The throat microphone has also been replaced on the end of the war, for a “mustache micro” T-45, which gives an aspect very … strange. The M1 helmet is normally a heavy helmet and a liner, to serve as a headband. Here, only the M1 steel helmet shell is used. It just protect the tanker helmet, taking the place of the liner. It was often used, especially when crew members had their heads out of the tank, to take the machine gun in the back of the turret for example, or for the tank commander to have a minimum of visibility to carry out maneuvers. This shell is an original reconditioned by me. Indeed, it is easy to find US shells is original, but the original paint is often removed, in very bad condition or simply covered with a new (bad) painting. It will then add the jugular canvas, sewing on the side bales. This is a mobile bails helmet, which is very commonly encountered because manufactured from October 1943 until many years after the war. The M3 Grease Gun was developed in 1942 to replace Thompson, too costly to produce and too large to be used for tank crews. In 1944, a new version was developed, called M3A1 Grease Gun, which corrected some flaws in the first version. This weapon was very easy and inexpensive to manufacture, weighed 3.5kg empty and had a rate of fire of 450 rounds per minute. His magazine had a capacity of 30 cartridges of .45ACP in order to stay in line with the Thompson and Colt 1911 A1. You will notice the absence of magazines pouches. If you need to take one, take that the Thompson pouch, or musette GP. But this wasn’t done by the tank crew, who were able to quickly pass through the hatches of their tank. Additional bag were therefore not recommended at all. This is an airsoft version developed by ARES, you will find the link to the complete review in the description of this video. Here is the complete outfit that had a tank crew member for the end of the war. Of course, it was possible to bring many other equipment, clothing and accessories, this is just a suggestion. The carrying extra magazines without extra pouches, it could be possible by sliding the magazines in the pockets in the tanker jacket, the pockets of the jacket HBT, etc. But do not forget: a full magazine of Grease Gun weighs 1kg. So bring 4 or 5 magazines, it wouldn’t be possible to move without risking losing your magazines at the slightest movement. When you want to use your Grease Gun, don’t forget to open the hood, under penalty of not being able to shoot. You probably saw the film Fury, retracing past 24 hours with a crew of Sherman, directed by Brad Pitt, who often uses a STG 44. It’s not a fancy from Hollywood, it could happen, STG being very popular in the field, because there was a formidable weapon. Of course, the ammunition supply problem was the main reason that makes these booty remained ad hoc. It was easier to take Lüger as souvenirs to bring home. Summary As with most US outfit from WW2, mustard pants M37 was used as regulatory pants. He could be treated anti-gas and had an inner flap strengthened overall. It is advisable to wear these pants with a belt, it is not provided for wearing suspenders. The buckle boots M43 is the ancestor of the Rangers, and the successors of the low boots with gaiters used before. We therefore note that the base is exactly the same as the leather boots and a leather legging was added to maintain the tight pants against the ankle. The French post-war rangers are greatly inspired, changing only the sole benefit of a sole with relief The HBT shirt (for Herring Bone Twill), was used as work clothes, to do dirty works. It was however found much in battle as was pretty solid. Dog Tags with, among others, the registration number and blood group of the soldier are put on top. This is the second model of jacket HBT, with rectangular pocket flaps. It closes with black painted metal buttons. The webbing used by tankers was very light, so you can easily get out of the hatch in case of problems. So the belt M36 can carry a specific magazine pouch for Colt 1911 magazines, a canteen, stored in the cup, all inserted in a cover, is placed on the left side, and a first aid kit M1924 will be placed on the front of the belt. The M7 shoulder holster allowed to carry the Colt 1911 A1 on the chest. The Colt 1911 A1, or also known as Colt .45 because of his caliber could contain magazines of 7 cartridges + one in the chamber. It was the service pistol of the US military. The tanker jacket was very demanded by the troops of the US Army, as thick, solid, and warm, the zipper up to the top, thus allowing to completely close the jacket, unlike the M41 jacket worn by infantry. This is a second model, recognizable by the inclination of the pockets. The interior is lined wool, while the outside is cotton, easier to wash than wool when it was dirty. All jackets were not necessarily patched with the soldier’s unit, moves between units being frequent. Cavalry gloves were originally planned for mounted troops. But the paratroopers and tank crews were much appreciated, while asking to have supplied. Do not forget to fold the ends of the gloves on the buckle to avoid it hangs everywhere. The tanker helmet M1938 was designed to protect the head of the tank crews once in their tanks. A heavy helmet would not have been practical and useless in times of hardship, so it was appropriate to have a light and functional headdress. That is why we find the SH-18 radio system, equipped with two R-14 receivers placed in leather slots on each side. A rear part allowed to also protect the neck of the soldier, and two side portions were mobile, although trapped by the glasses, earphones and different straps in leather. A chinstrap could be fixed but it was almost never used. The depth of the helmet, unique size, is set with a lace. See the aeration holes on the top of the bomb. The M1938 Resistal goggles appeared before the beginning of the war, and were used throughout the conflict, although replaced after by different models. The group chest T-51 came in the final weeks of the war, replacing the SW-141 switch. This set allow to handle the transmission and reception of audio, unlike the previous switch, which managed only the microphone. The set is placed on the chest of the tanker, fixed around the bust by two elastic straps. A large button allowed to speak in a timely manner, and the other left the position permanently connected microphone. The voice was perceived by the throat microphone T-30, which is fixed on the throat with an elastic band fitted with snaps. This throat microphone was to plug into the top of the T-51, next to the socket to connect the HS-18 set. The bottom of the T-51 allowed to manage the cables to connect to the radios inside the tank, with an elastically (like phones) system to move freely and leave the head out of the tank, for example. The M1 helmet is here reduced to its simple shell, tanker helmet being the Liner. This is an original helmet reconditioned by me through the paint and powdered of cork. I added a canvas chinstrap, which gets stuck at the rear of the shell. We verify that it is an original helmet with two things: the seam is in the front and we can guess the serial number on the part etched here. The seam is the welding on the edge of the helmet, which was made of aluminum. After 1944, welding was put on the back, but there existed no helmet with rear seam used in Europe. The bales are mobile here, as used on all helmets manufactured after October 1943. You will notice a marking realized with white paint: it’s a little advise I give you to avoid losing your equipment during reenactment. Appeared in Europe before winter 1944, the M3A1 Grease Gun is the successor of the M3 Grease Gun, who suffered from some design flaws. It was supposed to replace Thompson and was very popular with tank crews, as only automatic weapon US to easily pass through the hatch of a tank. It is made entirely of metal, reducing by 10 its manufacturing cost with respect to a Thompson. His maintenance was very easy, and its stock tube had three functions: support, filling magazines and cleaning rod. This is an airsoft model from ARES. As a bonus, to get you to the Fury mode, the Sturmgewehr 44 or StG44. Being a revolutionary weapon, many Americans retrieved them for use against the original owners. The strap is a Mauser sling, as the front sight hood. We should have wood grips, but airsoft model is not very faithful and the manufacturer has molded them in zamak. The eject window is functional, letting appear the setting of the hop-up. I fully stripped and tanned this STG, appearance out of the box being very far from being realistic. Here’s what this video concludes uniform presentation. I hope you enjoyed it, if that’s the case, do not hesitate to share this video, leave an erected towards the sky thumb and subscribe to my channel! I give you an appointment soon for a new video presentation of uniform! Directed by Neo035 Camera: Mireille Thank you to Doc Mat for his expertise And to all my friends for the support! You wanted a vehicle? Little thing : Hello baby, you’re boring me with your negatives waves! Do you remember Oddball in the movie “Kelly’s Heroes”? What if I told you he has an other big role?