How to Correctly Merge Onto A Freeway

How to Correctly Merge Onto A Freeway


Hi there smart drivers. Rick with Smart
Drive Test talking to you today about freeway merging onto a interstate,
motorway, or freeway obviously. And how to do that and not die! That’s what we’re
going to talk about today and show you how to do that correctly. Stick around,
we’ll be right back with that information. [INTRO & UPBEAT MUSIC] Hi there smart drivers. Welcome
back. Rick with Smart Drive Test talking to you today about freeway merging and
how to do that safely and not die! And I can see we’re a bit bright here so I’m
just going to turn down the brightness. So just bear with me for one second. And
Cory is here. Cory is the moderator. He is in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada there. I just turned that down a little bit and save. There we go and. June is here from
Michigan. Salah is here. Hello everyone. and the reason I’m talking about freeway
merging is I just got back from Victoria, British Columbia, Canada and obviously was merging and was
thinking about that and how to explain that better to people. And thought that I
would give this another go and talk to people about freeway merging and what
not to do so that I can help you out. and ADCO how are you excellent a few
people here and if you’re just tuning in let us know where you’re tuning in from
and what class of license that you’re going for and we’ll be able to help you
out regardless of what class of license you’re going forward with it’s
motorcycle car truck or bus and it is that time of year where some people are
going for their motorcycle license so Jerry’s here he’s from Dallas Texas
hello in Dallas and thanks for that Cory letting me know that the audio and the
visual is good here there we go I got a couple little things here and working on
yeah okay and so any questions you have about a license as well the passion road
test first time course is on sale you can get the coupon down there in the
description for 30% off that and check that over at the smart drive test
website and as well Cory I’ll put the link up for you for that as well great
course it’ll simple easy pass ruin test first time and you’ll know all
the answers as well I’m the one that designed the course and I’ve been a
driving instructor for twenty years and I know exactly what you were going to be
asked on a driving test and the three basic maneuvers you’re gonna be required
to do on a road test regardless of where you are in North America regardless of
what state you are in the US at minimum you’re going to be required to do
parallel parking three-point turn and reverse stall parking or backing into a
parking space as it’s called so that’s what you’re going to end up doing for
the purposes of a road test so Sara’s here from Dallas Texas as well Anjali is
from Toronto Canada and Maul is here from South Carolina in the US excellent
ADCO Indiana today class a but looking forward to another great chat and yes if
you have any questions at all add Cobo class a licensed tractor-trailer unit we
can certainly help you with that as well and you’re there in the Midwest in
Indiana awesome Sam yeah I am really good and yourself
I’m a little bit tired got up early this morning to get on the ferry so but you
know a long drive back but I got back and here we are
so just passed my written test a couple of days ago in first attempt Samiha
that’s excellent awesome congratulations on that so without further ado I’m gonna
move over to the PowerPoint presentation here and get that going and Michael’s
here from Jackson Michigan and yes few other people here so lots of
people here excellent okay let’s get over here and get this going here so
just bear with me till I get this up for you yes there we go
freeway merging here we go so talking about this a little bit because I was
coming back from Vancouver Island which is on the west coast of Canada also
called the it’s not constant called something else as part of it the Gulf
Islands on the west coast of Canada and I’m trying to think what it’s called in
the US because I always try give compliments to the US as well so anyway
let’s talk about freeway merging that’s where I was coming back from and it was
doing I was driving on the trans kind of highway and doing some urging and I
thought this was a really good time that we could talk about today so get on
the right screen here there we go video I got up this week was an interview I
did with Jen and it was about her seeing disability she has 2,100 driving and was
going back to get a license and I gave her some help sat down there in
Washington State so if you haven’t seen the video definitely have a look at that
video there as well and I’ve had a lot of people talk about merging mishaps on
freeways and those types of things and particularly one of the videos that I
still need to get done is merging onto a freeway in congested or backed up
traffic and I you know the the best analogy that I can give people and
students who are learning how to drive in terms of merging onto a freeway is
yes the onus of responsibility for merging safely is on the merging driver
but it’s one of those things that as you’re coming out on the on-ramp you’ve
got to be looking for your space on the freeway that you’re going to be merging
into and that is imperative because you’ve got to manage speed so you have
to adjust your speed so you can meet that spot and one of the other aspects
of merging onto a freeway and one of the one of the smart drivers said this the
other day they were watching the changing lanes video and Coria put that
up for you as well that they find it one of the most intimidating and most
difficult and challenging aspects of driving to do and merging onto freeways
is something similar that you’re changing lanes from the acceleration
lane on the freeway on to the main lane of traffic on the freeway interstate or
motorway depending on where you are in the world and it can be intimidating
because you’re traveling at high speeds you know most interstates most freeways
are going to be 60 miles an hour plus 100 kilometers an hour plus the
trans-canada in many places is 120 kilometers an hour so it’s closer to 70
miles an hour and that can be intimidating for drivers because you’re
moving at very high speed one of the things that might help you out is is
that when you accelerate you put the fuel pedal right on the floor and get
that going as fast as you can and one of the
reasons I that kind of got me thinking about this was I was coming out of hope
I stopped to get fuel and I it’s a when you come out of Hope and merge back onto
the trans-canada highway you’re going uphill which makes it a bit more
difficult for the buggy to get going because as you know the buggies an old
car and you got to put it right on the floor while I was kinda tootle it along
there and I had it in fourth gear and I was doing about EE kilometers an hour
and I was behind a tractor-trailer unit and I looked in the mirror and there’s a
tractor-trailer unit like right beside me and the tractor-trailer unit that’s
beside me is not gonna slow down because the the driver is loaded the truck is
loaded and if the driver slows down on the hill he or she is just not gonna get
that truck going going again so this is one of the reasons that the driver
probably didn’t light off in the throttle so basically what I did when I
saw that driver beside me and I knew I had to merge in between him and the
truck that was in front of him basically I threw it into third gear on
the on the on the buggy and just put it on the floor and got it going as fast as
I could and this was about halfway down the acceleration lanes so I still had
plenty of room to accelerate and you know but accelerate really aggressively
to get the vehicle going so I could get in front of that other trip tractor
trailer unit alright so that’s the story and that’s what inspired me to do this
again this freeway merging video and for those who don’t know me Rick August I do
have a PhD I have been a driving instructor for 20 years and for those of
you who don’t know what driving instructors do we do we teach you how to
pass a road test and we do teach you some driving skills as well and
unfortunately some driving instructors believe that if they teach you how to
pass the road test they also teach you how to drive which isn’t true because
driving after a license is a very different animal than driving in
preparation for passing a road test and it’s interesting just quick story here
some years ago when I worked for ICBC which is the licensing authority here in
the problems of British Columbia in Canada they sent me down to do a
ride-along with the driving and it was interesting because the
driving examiners they knew I was a driving instructor and we’re sort of
riding around in the car and we’re following a motorcycle because it was a
motorcycle test and they’re like can we do this and we do that and you know we
do this and that just kept saying yes I know you do that I know you do that and
I know you do this right there were things that they were doing that they
were getting the the rider to do and I was like you know after I left it kind
of shook my head and went what a driving Examiners think that driving instructors
do we because that’s we know what driving examiner’s do so this goes back
to my passion road test first course I’m gonna give you the exact formula for
passing a road test and the absolute fundamental skills that you need to be
successful in getting your license all right so as I said in the introduction
of this that freeway merchants can be intimidating because you’re traveling at
high speeds and you’re changing lanes now one of the things I’m gonna say
about that is that when you’re changing lanes and if you get the vehicle up to
speed which on most freeways there’s an on-ramp and then there’s the
acceleration lane and you know it’s the acceleration lane because on the left
side or what’s called continuity lines the road markings and continuity lines
the lane markings between the lanes between the acceleration lane and the
main highway are half as long and twice as wide so you know their continuity
lines and what that means is if they’re on the left side of your vehicle the
lane you’re in is either going to end or exit so it’s important that you pay
attention to the road markings and know that you’re on the acceleration lane but
on most on ramps and acceleration lanes time you get to the acceleration lane
you should already be 5060 miles an hour you should already be 80 to 100
kilometers an hour because most on ramps allow you to gain some speed before you
even get out onto the acceleration lane so that’s the other thing I’m going to
tell you about this now obviously this is difficult for many drivers because
you need to combine the four components of driving and passing a road test speed
management you need to manage speed so that you can find your space and match
your space and then you need to manage space around your vehicle relative to
the speed of other vehicles that are already on the freeway you need to
observe you need to shoulder check and you need to be shoulder checking at high
speeds and you can’t hang out with the shoulder check because you got to be
looking forward as well in this image here there’s a lineup of cars that are
moving to merge out onto the freeway so you’ve got to watch the vehicle directly
in front of you as well as the vehicles to the side and then finally you need to
communicate well so it’s important that as soon as you get on the on-ramp like
back where this sign this cautionary sign is that you need to merge you
should have your signal on indicating to traffic on the roadway that you’re going
to be moving over one of the statements I often get from students is that all
other drivers won’t let me over and they just you know they’re arrogant and they
won’t do this and they won’t do that and it’s like well did you put your signal
on and ask because 90% of drivers on the roadway if you put your signal on and
you move over or you put your signal on and you’ve moved to move over most of
the time drivers are gonna let you in it regardless of what city you’re in I know
some people will say oh I live in New York or I live in LA people don’t do
that it’s not true I’ve driven in those cities and it’s the same thing if you
put your signal on and you have a minimum of three flashes most of the
time somebody’s gonna help you out all right one of the points that I need to
iterate is is that the onus of responsibility for merging is on the
merging driver yes it’s a team sport and sometimes drivers on the highway or the
freeway interstate they’re gonna help you out they will let off the throttle a
little bit and let you merge in front of them or they’ll if they can they’ll move
over to the other lane but still in the end the onus responsibility is on you
and another video clip that I think came on Facebook last week actually no it was
on LinkedIn and I wanted to try and get the dashcam footage because what had
happened was this is a new driver obviously got out on the acceleration
lane and then she froze and she just held her course held her speed and there
was a truck there but it was just a bobtail it was a truck without a trailer
on the back and this this driver didn’t even let off the throttle a little bit
and all he had to do was let off the throttle a little bit and she would
emerge and in front of him but instead she drove him to the side of them spun
the car around and then there was a head-on collision with the other traffic
I’m thinking to myself you know that driver in the truck is supposed to be a
professional and all he or she had to do is let off the throttle a little bit she
would immerse in front of him but no because the crash resulted you’re now
risking half a dozen lives on the freeway because she spun around and
ended up facing oncoming traffic so think about that if you’re the other
driver and you are holding tight that I have the right-of-way and I don’t have
to move over and I don’t have to slow down for these people just think about
what a couple of seconds out of here you know taking your foot off the throttle
how many lives you could potentially save all right so speed management the
other thing about speed management is that when you are driving down the
freeway it’s very predictable about where the on-ramps are and where the off
ramps are and these freeways interstates motorways they’re called limited limited
access highways because there’s only certain places you can get on and off so
when you’re driving down the freeway be looking for the on ramps be looking for
the off ramps looking for the vehicles that are coming out onto the roadway
because if there’s a tractor-trailer coming out there and they’re loaded
they’re not gonna let off they’re not gonna slow down they’re just gonna
signal and they’re gonna move start moving over into your lane so you either
want to give them some space by adjusting your speed or you want to try
and move over to the other lane to let them in now as the person merging onto
the freeway as I said you need to mash down on that throttle you need to get
the vehicle going and most automatics actually all automatic vehicles fitted
with automatic transmissions once you mash the fuel pedal to the floor it’s
gonna go into overdrive and it is gonna sound like you’re launching the space
shuttle shown so know that and basically what it does is it shifts down to second
gear for maximum acceleration and you need to do that and as well have a look
at this video here on traffic predictions on freeways and those types
of things and basically what you need to do is you need to match or go faster
than the traffic on the highway and then merge out onto the freeway interstate or
highway communication signal as early as possible leave your signal on until
you’re completely in the lane that you’re merging out into if you don’t
have daylight running lights turn your headlights on that way it activates
the taillights as well on your vehicle and you’re more visible to other traffic
and then finally if you’re driving a bigger vehicle if you have a pickup
truck with a trailer on it that’s loaded or you’ve got an RV unit or a boat or
something like that turn your four-way flashers on when you
come out higher and you’re trying to gain speed this is what most truck
drivers will do especially if they’re loaded and they’re coming out on to the
acceleration lane and they’re trying to get as much speed as they can they’ll
just put their four ways on so if you see that you know that the vehicle is
loaded they’re gonna go most of the time you know good drivers are gonna go right
to the acceleration lane and get as much speed as they can and even in a tractor
trailer unit you can still get it up to about 80 kilometers an hour about 50
miles an hour so know that as well that if you’ve got
a larger vehicle put your at four-way flashers on to indicate to other traffic
that you’re not gonna get right up to match the speed okay shoulder checking
you need to hold your course you need to shoulder check quick quickly sharp
90-degree head turn because you need to watch the traffic to your left if one
for those of us driving on the right side of the road which is our smallest
blind area around the vehicle and you need to keep track of the vehicles in
front of you as well so for example when I was coming at a hope and I was going
up the hill there I saw the truck in front of me and I was just in kind of
behind him and then I looked 90 degrees and there’s the truck right beside me as
well and so I gotta kind of measure the space you got to measure the gap between
the two vehicles and then match your speed so you can hit that space between
those two vehicles mirror adjustment you want to have be able to see in the
mirrors as well and if you have difficulty checking your blind areas by
some convex mirrors and you can go on to the smart drive test
Amazon shop and pick those up as well and they just stick on in the corner and
those will help you out as well for seeing into the blind areas around your
vehicle now observation as you’re coming down the on-ramp be looking for the
space that you’re going to merge into you can see here on this on-ramp and
this is there are some places in the United States where they will have stop
signs on the ramp and unfortunately what that does it kind of creates a
bottleneck on the on-ramp makes difficult but you can also see here in
this image that there’s very few there’s very little acceleration lane actually
there’s no acceleration lane here so it’s difficult to merge on to this this
isn’t a true on off-ramp per se in terms of the freeway here and so it’s gonna
make it a bit more difficult but you need to aim for the space you need to
signal early you need to watch for the traffic in front of you as well that
doesn’t come to a stop for whatever reason so that you can get into your
space safely okay space management watch the vehicle in front of you on the
acceleration keep your distance manage your space on the acceleration and if
you’re running out of space for example this one here you can see the image here
with the car right up beside the tractor-trailer unit that car should
emerge in behind the tractor-trailer unit is basically what that car should
have done that car should not be up beside that tractor-trailer unit right
at the beginning so this is what you need to do oftentimes what you’re going
to need to do with tractor-trailer units you’re going to need to pull in behind
them not in front of them because a lot of drivers of tractor-trailer units are
not gonna let off the throttle so that’s what you need to do for that and we can
answer more questions about that alright so if you’ve got a road test come up
good luck on that and if you’re merging out onto the freeway you know take these
tips and implement them and keep yourself safe so we’re gonna head back
over here there we go transition and we’ll answer any
questions you have about merging onto freeways keeping yourself safe and
there’s Colin good afternoon Michael clutch clutch it must be
entering into the middle of into the middle of a conversation here Sam yeah
who is a good instructor in Lake Worth Florida Sammy I now here’s a good
question and I’ve had this question before with drivers here just bear with
me one sec I’m just gonna adjust the video here a little bit just turn up
that there we go all right so if you’re
looking for a driving school and you’re looking for a driving instructor to work
with you on your road test preparation go on google look at the ratings that
they have on Google okay and pick one that has a four plus rating if you have
some trepidation or if you have some anxiety about your driving and your road
test then look for a driving instructor that works with seniors most of the time
they’re really good at working with people who have some anxiety and
trepidation around driving so that’s my recommendation in terms of looking for a
driving school is go on Google and see what their rating is on Google because
if they’re a good school they’re gonna get a good rating on Google all right okay Aaron already did this new DMV is
great in the area easy to drive through there you go okay
my test lasted about five minutes it was so fast who gives yeah and some of them
are in the larger metropolitan areas the test the road tests are only gonna be
about eight to ten minutes I know that Sam who works in a rookie auto driving
school there in the Bronx most of his road tests are less than eight minutes
okay so it’s basically a short drive they get you to parallel park reverse
stall park and that’s basically it okay lots going on here Sam you’re gonna
definitely pass your road test there we go
okay so Michael class a exam on the 29th so
you got that coming up this week excellent so good luck with that epic
for those on-ramp situations it depends on what type of freeway you were merging
on to if it’s a modern interstate accept a wider acceleration lane but 50s narrow
take caution drove us 22 ok so us united states state road in Pennsylvania that’s
what I was trying to say epic those are not true interstates and freeways and
oftentimes what’s gonna happen is it’s gonna look like an interstate but in
fact it’s not an interstate it’s not a limited access highway it’s the same
thing that number 17 that runs east-west through New York that a lot of people
take to get to New York City that’s not a true interstate or a freeway it’s if a
freeway or a highway that you’re on has traffic lights and signs and
intersections and those types of things it’s just a highway it’s not a freeway
so if you’re on a u.s. state road in the US it’s not uncommon that you’re going
to get inadequate acceleration lanes and those types of things but know that
oftentimes on these state roads the speed limit is going to be less it’s not
going to be 60 miles an hour it’s not going to be a hundred kilometers an hour
as that is here in Canada and those types of things so know that as well
okay clutch clutch yeah Michael you’re working on your shifting and
unfortunately that eclipses the other parts that you need to be working on and
getting into your head is there any part that you feel needs to be strengthened
up Michael before your road test there on the 29th all right let’s see who else
we got here brian is in Binghamton New York excellent there we go
Hamzah you give great information thanks for that just passed my road test last
week it was nerve-racking who gives excellent congratulations on passing
your road test there and if you haven’t done so already make sure you head over
to the smart drive test website and sign up for the hundred K campaign and enter
yourself in the draw for the $100 fuel card last April’s winner was
I’m gonna screw this up that’s it it just escaped me for just a minute
it’ll come back to me mrs. Hernandez that’s her name and she’s got a first
name and I forget what it is but I’ll it’ll come back to me here in just a
moment Sammy I just passed my written yeah we
already talked about that excellent okay there he is my friend Sam from rookie
auto driving school say saying I heard my name yes we were talking about road
tests there Sam in the Bronx and how short there you were saying before that
there are only eight to ten minutes one of the smart drivers here said that the
road test was only five minutes and it was really quick so yeah some of these
road tests in the larger metropolitan areas are very short because they have a
lot of people a lot of students that they need to get through so they shorten
the road test so they can examine more students over the course of the day
that’s what they end up doing so instead of here in British Columbia in Ontario
on other states in the United States instead of doing two or three an hour
they’re gonna be doing five or six an hour which is going to be a lot more
students so that’s what’s gonna happen all right
so freeway merging ‘fl and I’ll just go back to this in terms of a road test for
many of you you’re not going to be required to do freeway merging for the
purposes of a road test I mean unless the driving examine our examination
Center is very close to an interstate or a freeway it’s very unlikely that you’re
going to be doing that driving examiner’s know for the most
part that that’s something they’re gonna let you figure out after you get your
license they’re not going to make you do it for the purposes of your road test if
you are taking driving lessons with a local driving school or with the driving
instructor then they’ll take you out and they’ll kind of go over that with you
but for the most part on a driving test they’re not gonna make you they’re not
gonna make you do a freeway merge and they’re probably not going to get you to
drive on a highway unless there’s access to a highway in
some cases they will but for the most part they’re not going to do that but
it’s one of those things that you need to be prepared for just in case because
you have to understand that all of these other maneuvers on a road test to point
reverse turn highway driving freeway merging this is all up to the discretion
of the examiner and there’s a fair part of there’s a fair bit of discretion
allowed on the part of the examiner so know that as well all right Brian
I just did my five-hour class I’m trying to schedule my road test but upstate is
always on the weekend it’s but it’s always on the weekend so so Brian
they’re only doing they’re only doing road tests on the weekend they’re in
Binghamton New York and for those of you who aren’t familiar with the state of
New York it’s kind of an uh it’s kind of a upside down sideways L and anything
sort of above New York City they call it ups upstate so Binghamton New York is in
upstate New York is what they call it okay EPIK its substandard freeway with
1950 standard design do you want me to send you a street view of the road that
I’m talking about in eastern Pennsylvania very risk Irv learning
learning learner driver on a freeway yet but epic that road that you’re referring
to does it have intersections does it have traffic lights on it and those
types of things because if it does then it’s not a freeway in the true
definition of what a freeway is okay Brian I want to use my car but I’ll need
a licensed driver to go with me I can’t drive myself yes that’s true Brian that
you will and as well if you’re gonna use your own car Brian and Cory I’ll put the
video up here for you make sure that you do a pre-trip inspection on your vehicle
and give it a clean before you go down as well you know clean up the inside
give it a vacuum wash the outside and those types of things make sure that the
seat belts are working and all everything’s working because one of the
other things in terms of a road test is they will do a pre-trip inspection a
mini pre-trip inspection on your vehicle regardless of whether it’s your own
personal vehicle or whether it’s a driving school car they’ll check the
lights they’ll check the brake lights they’ll check the horns if it’s raining
out they’ll make sure the windshield wash windshield wipers work and those
types of things so make sure that you’re not denied your test because something
isn’t working and I’ve unfortunately seen that at driving test centers where
for example here in bridge Columbia if somebody brings in a car
from Alberta which is the next province over they’re not required to have
license plates on the front of their vehicle and if if that happens you’re
gonna be denied your road test and unfortunately the last couple of weeks I
had a student who said that one of their lights was out one of the taillights was
out on the vehicle they didn’t have the tools to fix the light it’s a fair in
most cases it’s a fairly simple fix so make sure that you do the pre-trip
inspection the day before and that way if you notice that there’s a light out
or something wrong with the vehicle you can take it to the shop and get it fixed
cuz a funny story I did a video that I didn’t put up on how to change a
headlight because on my Honda changing the headlights is easy it’s you can
change both the headlights out in probably less than five minutes and then
I had a friend look at the video and he said well basically it’s just a video
about changing headlights on a on a Honda CRV so I went on the internet and
I looked up some of the other vehicles about changing headlights and there’s
like the new Chevy Malibu literally it took a licensed mechanic an hour to
change the headlight you basically had to take the whole front quarter panel
off off the car it’s just crazy just if you get a chance to hear interested look
it up because I was driving just flabbergasted I was like what kind of
technology it was completely then he’s just like I’ll do this and I was like
there was crazy how how much work it was to change the headlight on it so yeah
okay obnoxious yeah I remember being denied about three times because of
something yeah and that’s unfortunate so make sure you do a pre-trip inspection
and there’s the video that corey put up for you Brian it’s great safe it just
got it from the dealership yeah but Brian don’t trust the dealership make
sure you do the pre-trip inspection on it don’t trust dealerships and don’t
trust anybody else especially when you’re going for a road test because you
you know the light could go out on the way down so just make sure it could
potentially but it’s not likely but make sure you do noxious I bet that received a bad CRA
rating III did at some of the comments I saw on the YouTube video was watching
were just as scathing against the Malibu I was like that’s crazy uh yeah so Sammi
I tried to drive yesterday but I fell felt for it was difficult to properly
visualize the distance between car and curb and yeah and that’s just gonna take
some practice Sam eeeh and basically what I would
suggest you is to make sure you do the exercises and learn to drive video and
Coryell put that up for you as well have a look at that and that’ll help you out
there okay about the new Honda that is I don’t I don’t know what the rating is on
the new Honda’s obnoxious I know that they get really good fuel much but I’m
not sure about their safety rating or how to change headlights and those types
of things I haven’t looked it up I probably need to do that so so if
anybody has any suggestions about suggestions for topics that they would
like me to do in terms of road tests and that sort of thing let me know and leave
me a comment down in the comment section there I did get a hold of an SUV so this
week I’m going to be doing videos on how to drive larger vehicles and give you
some tips and ideas and strategies about how to drive a bigger vehicle and if
you’re a newer driver with not a lot of experience I would really recommend that
you do these fundamental exercises and one of those was the two by four
exercise where you just get a chunk of 2×4 and you go to a parking lot and you
put it down on the road or down on the ground rather and you try and get the
steer tires up over it or the passenger side tires up over it and you get the
driver’s side tires up over that in both forward and in reverse and that’s going
to help you out in learning where your vehicle is in space in place because
this is the biggest challenge for students is where’s your vehicle in
space in place and being able to get the tires off over on that 2×4 is really
gonna help you learn where the vehicle is in space in place especially if
you’re driving a bigger vehicle and you don’t have a great deal of experience
somebody like me I’ve driven hundreds and hundreds of vehicles
two trailer units and buses and those types of things so it’s a bit easier for
me to just jump in a new vehicle and kind of know where it is in space in
place I’m not gonna know exactly where it is in space in place but it’s gonna
be a lot easier for me because of the grand you know the experience I’ve had
driving different vehicles driver hey Rick’s still looking for class one
knowledge test for BC yeah okay driver that’s my fault it’s just been kind of a
crazy week just thanks for reminding me and I’ll get I’ll get it that for you
I’ll try and get it up tomorrow at the latest
obnoxious actually had a question what is a better greener fuel option hybrid
or electric obnoxious where are you in the world and that’ll all be able to
answer that question better for you Brian
if you fail parallel parking – you failed a whole test it depends Brian
most of the time if you are unsuccessful at the parallel parking depending on
what you do so say for example you’re too far from the curb you’re just gonna
lose some demerits for that you’re not gonna fail your road test however if you
hit the curb and the body of the vehicle rocks on the chassis then yes or you
knock the examiner out of the seat then yes you’re not going to be successful in
your road test or you push the rear tire up over the curb yes you’re gonna fail
your road test however better to be a bit farther from the curb and just lose
a couple of demerits then no you’re not gonna fail a road test like I said
unless you if you hit the kerb then yes but most of the time you’re just gonna
lose a few demerits okay obnoxious you’re in Colorado I would say obnoxious
that you’re gonna be better off with a hybrid than you are was an electric I
would suggest one of the videos that you watch and I don’t you I don’t do this
very often but go over to engineering explained and he has a video about
living with an electric car and that might give you some more information
about living with an electric car what it is like for charges and those types
of things I would do a bit of research but my personal feeling of where I live
here in the interior of British Columbia I would probably be better about going
for a hybrid car than I would for an electric car as well I know
a person I know who drives the Tesla they were having some trouble with their
Tesla in sub-zero temperatures so for you there in Colorado that’s going to be
a consideration in terms of the winter time that it you might have some
difficulties with an electric vehicle I think I think you might be better with
hybrid ok June non-related question is there a difference between driving a
city bus versus supersized to her charter bus yes there is the difference
June the the first very apparent difference that you’re gonna experience
as a bus driver or as a driver both of those two vehicles is on a transit bus
you’re sitting in front of the steer tire so the steer tires are here you’re
sitting here on a tour bus you’re behind the steer tires so that’s gonna be a
little weird for you depending on you know depending on what kind of tour or
charter bus it is some of them you will be sitting in front of the steer tires
but some of them you’ll be sitting behind be sought behind the steer tire
so when you’re driving when you’re driving those vehicles when you get in
the vehicle see where the driver’s seat is in relation to the steer tires on the
vehicle and that’s going to be a little bit different for you alright Aynsley
can we talk tractor trailers alright what do you want to talk about tractor
trailers Ainslie are you working with a driving school and going towards your
test because I could I just want to know where you kind of want me to talk about
because I can help you out with that for sure alright let’s see what else we got
here ok Sammy I tried to drive just yeah okay so the curb sir Cory put that video
up for you as well the video about what’s the video I’m
looking for here learn to drive the 36 inch one meter tall pylons go and get
some of those and work with those as well and put them up on both sides of
the vehicle and just dry try and drive as close as you can and that would give
you an idea of where your vehicle is in space in place and Cory went and found
the video for engineering explain there you go living with an electric car
changed my mind I didn’t actually I will confess I did not watch that video but I
didn’t get this he was really with his electric car so
have a look at that and that’s a good place to start with that video okay
just wondering if they will be emailed or put on your website no driver I’ll
put them on the website there for you okay so and I’ll send you an email as
soon as I get that done I’ll just write myself a note here you see class one
questions there we go yeah for those of us here in Canada it’s tax time I don’t
know if any of you down there dealing with the IRS but I got a deal with CRA
the Canadian Revenue Agency so there we go actually do you have any tips when
taking the restricted driver’s permit for written exam okay so you’re looking
for the learner’s license yes I have some ideas for you do not read the
drivers manual from cover to cover it’s boring and will cause and saw me you
have to remember these things were written by bureaucrats they’re not
written by people who know right so it’s very plain text and very not interesting
all right so one of the things you need to do is you need to learn how to do
multiple-choice questions you need skills and strategies in place that will
help you to do the multiple choice questions so rather than reading the
manual what I counsel students to do is to go on the internet find questions
multiple choice driving test questions and do those questions and when you
finish up don’t use them as a measure of your ability rather use them as a
learning tool so what that means is that identify the gaps in your knowledge by
the questions you didn’t get right and then go to the manual and look in the
manual for the specific topics that you got the questions wrong and look up that
information now some of the questions are going to be fairly general on the
internet so you’re gonna have to look up specific information for example sunset
and sunrise there’s a question on each test about when you should have your
headlights on it’s not such a big deal anymore because now most newer vehicles
are all equipped with automatic headlights that they come on as soon as
the the ambient light begins to dim but you see it’s still a
question on the test that you need to know you need to know is it a half an
hour before sunrise half an hour after sunset those types of things
you need to know that for the purposes of the road test so that specific
information you’re gonna have to look that out in the manual and know that and
as well you know most of the time you’re gonna be dealing in kilometers or miles
per hour those types of things you need to know things like it’s what’s the
speed limit inside the city unless otherwise posted it’s 30 miles an hour
or 50 kilometers an hour depending on whether you’re in Canada or the United
States all right so know that and that’s the
best way to do that is to do the practice test questions identify the
gaps in your knowledge go to the manual look up the information you don’t know
go back and do the multiple choice questions on the different websites and
when you’re getting 80 to 90 percent consistently on the test then go and
write the exam down at the licensing Center and you have a very high chance
of being successful on your written test wondering what percentage going down a
grade to use the engine retarder okay there we go
okay thanks for just wondering if they were and there we go okay answered that
question I was wondering what percentage going down a grade do you use the engine
retarder I’ll just come back to that driver one second Sam um my test
question was mostly situational okay so Sammy when you say situational questions
they show you a picture and then they ask you a question about the picture is
that what what you’re referring to okay okay so driver have a look at the video
there’s a video on downhill braking in large vehicles most of the time in when
you’re driving if it’s less than 10% and it’s less than a mile or less than a
kilometer you just put the engine brake on and just go down the hill you don’t
have to gear down if the grade is more than a mile or more than kilometer and
oftentimes if it’s more than a kilometer more than a mile I’ll have it this
sign underneath the grade sign so if it’s more than 10% grade more than
double digits it’s more than a mile or sorry if it’s more than a kilometer more
than a mile then you’re going to use the retarder you’re gonna have to gear down
and most of the time if you’re loaded with a fully loaded truck you’re gonna
gear down to fifth gear and start down over the top of the hill and most of the
time these new engine retarders are really gonna hold you back that’s the
best kind of way that you can start going down the hill because remember
that saying or the saying that I have you can go down the hill a thousand
times to slow the one time you go too fast may be your last so that’s the way
you do it and as well have a look at that video give you a bit more
explanation in those types of things if you’re running heavier than tandem
tandem so you got two axles on the back of the tractor and two axles on the
trailer if you’re running heavier than that you have super bees or something
like that or you’re running at rydym you’re probably gonna have to go down
and fourth gear with the engine brake on full but know that engine retarders on
big trucks and buses and those types of things the technology has really really
improved and its really good it’s not like it was 20 or 30 years ago we’re
barely work it was just there as a noisemaker now these engine retarders
have gotten more quiet and they work better so know that in terms of engine
retarders and engine brakes okay bricks if I recall I think that he was
pleasantly surprised with the experience especially as an urban exclusive use
case still had reservations the lack of infrastructure still limited distance
etc yes so there are so Corey’s talking about the electric car and the
experience that engineering explained I don’t know what his name is because he
never introduces himself in his videos but it’s engineering explained he talked
about electric vehicles and yes this is one of the problems I see with electric
vehicles Canada and the United States are one of the few countries in the
world that actually use hydroelectric power to generate electricity now this
is my concern about electric vehicles it’s great that we have these
alternatives for green energy and those types of things but in most countries in
the world in China in Australia and other countries in the world they burn
coal or use nuclear power to generate
electricity and in my mind we when you’re burning coal to generate
electricity to power a car as opposed to using petrol
that’s like saying I’m a vegetarian because I eat meat because cows eat
grass therefore I’m a vegetarian because they eat grass and plants so the
electric you know the green electric car idea doesn’t really work if you’re not
generating electricity from hydro electricity dam from hydro dams okay so
that’s the only concern about it in terms of other places in the world all
right Danny here is saying I look like Thanos I hope not
the analyst was kind of evil all right there we go so that’s the the part that
I’m going to talk to you about in terms of electric cars and having electric
cars as an alternative and actually I was I was talking to the guy at the tire
shop the other day and he was telling me that he had a Highlander Hybrid a Toyota
Highlander and he said that it was really good on fuel in the city it was
it was exceptionally good and he said up to about a hundred and ten kilometers an
hour which is about 65 68 miles an hour he said it was really good on the
highway in terms of fuel and those types of things I think he was saying it was
about 35 miles to the gallon which i think is about twice about 910 liters to
the hundred so he said it was exceptionally good and he said in terms
of a hybrid vehicle they’re really good in around cities and I know here in
Canada I don’t know what the experiences in the United States but most taxicabs
are most of them are driving the Toyotas the Toyota hybrids which really help out
in terms of fuel economy and those types of things around cities and whatnot so I
know that as well okay all right so just a quick just quickly review anybody
who’s going for a road test regardless of what class of license you’re going
for and where you’re going for in the world and this comes back to the four
basic components that I was talking about in terms of correctly merging onto
a freeway you have to have these four components in place in order
to successfully make to pass a road test so you have to have space management
speed management observation and communication so space management which
is the fundamentals of defensive driving it’s the fundamentals of passing a road
tests and some fundamentals of merging successfully onto a freeway or highway
space management don’t get near other road users don’t get near fixed objects
and you’re gonna be successful in your road test as well stop the correct
stopping position at intersections especially stop sign intersections stop
before the stop line stop before the crosswalk line and if they’re neither of
those conditions exist then stop at the edge where the two roads meet without
entering the intersection and then when you’re following distance has to be
three seconds minimum under ideal conditions I know for some of the
driving manuals they’re going to say two seconds but three seconds is better and
as traffic conditions deteriorate increase your following distance the
reason we measure in time is because as your speed increases your distance from
other vehicles increases as well all right don’t block intersections when
you stop in traffic stop so you can see the tires of the vehicle in front you
make them clear contact with the pavement that’s how you measure how far
you are okay so that’s space management speed management flow of traffic posted
speed limit whichever is less is how fast you drive your vehicle and when you
turn corners and those types of things get up to the posted speed limit as
quickly as possible don’t doddle you can lose points on your road test or
potentially failure road test for being too cautious or driving too slow so know
that driving too slow is as bad as driving too fast on a road test and you
will be unsuccessful as well if you are not kind of in the zone so you’re
allowed kind of a three to five kilometer an hour two to three mile an
hour tolerance on either side of this posted speed limit so say for example
it’s 40 miles an hour you need to sort of be you know 38 to 42 kilometers an
hour or 32 to 48 mile hour 38 to 42 miles an hour depending on what that is
very quickly you need to get the speed limit back to there because speed
control is one of the requirements of being able to pass road test then
observation you need to observe correctly on a road test and Correll put
up the video I put up a couple of weeks ago about moving your head when you’re
driving your vehicle I want a road test you need to move your
head if you don’t move your head you’re not observing correctly right you need
to 90 degree shoulder shoulder check check the instrument panel check the
Center mirror the wing mirrors and those types of things so in a forward motion
you need to look far down the road and check the wing meet or the center mirror
down the road in check the instrument panel check your speed down the road
both shoulders scanning intersections and then checking your wing mirrors and
you need to do that scanning pattern every eight to ten seconds when you’re
driving along when you’re turning or making a lateral movement changing lanes
or moving the vehicle sideways you need to do shoulder checked two times minimum
before moving the vehicle remember you need to observe you need to look before
you move the vehicle if you move the vehicle and don’t look you’re not going
to be successful in a road test especially if you do it more than one or
two times all right so shoulder checked twice half a block before the turn and
then shoulder check again immediately before the turn if you’ve been sitting
there for a while at the intersection waiting to turn right or left or
whatever you might need to shoulder check two or three times and
unfortunately last week I had a smart driver tell me that he or she was
unsuccessful on their road test and that the examiner had indicated at the end
that they didn’t have to shoulder check half a block before the turn that is
misinformation you must shoulder check a half a block before the turn if you
don’t shoulder check approximately half a block before the turn you’re not going
to be successful in your road test remember what’s driving examiner’s not
all of them have all the information that they need and sometimes they will
give you bad information so that’s observation our last piece on
the observation is when you’re reversing reverse stall parking backing up along a
curb or whatever 360 degree scan before you start backing up and then make sure
you’re looking out the back window for the DeRay
backing up and for approximately every vehicle length that you’re backing up
stop the vehicle do another 360 degree scan make sure there aren’t any road
users around and then and then continue backing up and again Coryell put the
other video up for you there on reversing correctly for the purposes of
a road test and then finally you have to communicate effectively with other
traffic and other road users and the way that we communicate in the vehicle is
lights signals your horn hand gestures make sure you use all five fingers don’t
tell anybody they’re number one on a road test eye contact so if you’re
unsure what a pedestrian is doing or what a cyclist is doing or what a
motorcycle rider or somebody on a scooter make sure you get eye contact
before you move the vehicle so eye contact and then finally the last way
that we communicate our intentions on the roadway is the position of our
vehicle on the roadway that’s how you communicate effectively with other
traffic and those are the four fundamental components regardless of
what class of license you’re taking or regardless of where you are in the world
and I go over these in more details and give you the specific six weeks of
training step-by-step that will make you successful on the road test so have a
look at passion road test first time over the smart drive test website and
you can pick that up for about $27 with 30% off coupon and that will guarantee
that you pass road tests as well if you have any questions about your training
any questions about the course you have access to me and on email and I will do
what I can to guarantee that you’re successful as I
said it’s ironclad guarantee you just say no it didn’t pass and we’ll give you
your money back okay Jaden my friend Jaden from Florida how
are you when I was driving home someone else hit me and my friend but luckily I
swerved to the left lane to avoid the accident and I blew the horn as well to
tell him excellent so you told him he was there in your space and that’s great
that you managed your space effectively you were able to you had some space
around you that you could move into because again and purposes of defensive
driving and the reason that I emphasize space management
game and again and again always leave yourself and out that way when something
happens that other drivers on the roadway do something unpredictably for
example merge into your space you have someplace to go because remember it’s
faster to drive into a space an exit space than it is to brake and so if you
have some places you can go to avoid a collision it’s gonna be faster and safer
than it is if you have to rely on your brakes and I see it again and again and
again especially with driving on highways or driving on freeways or
interstates if you watch other drivers and they’re too close to the vehicles in
front of them and you’re following them you’ll see their brake lights coming on
all the time if you are driving on a highway or a freeway and you’re touching
the brakes all the time to slow down to adjust your speed what that means is is
that you are too close to the vehicles in front of you so simply back off
because what happens is are what I tell students is is that you want to drive
your vehicle in the spaces between the other clusters of cars because you’ll
notice if you start observing on highways and freeways the car is always
driving clusters for whatever reason people don’t like being alone I don’t
know what is it but if you can position your vehicle so you’re in the spaces
between the clusters of vehicles and you can maintain a good 3 to 5 second
following distance between you and other vehicles in front of you you’re gonna
find that the cluster of vehicles doesn’t travel at a constant speed they
speed up and they slow down and they speed up and they slow down so if you
can maintain one speed and you have a good following this is what’s gonna
happen is you’re gonna find that the cluster goes along like this and you’re
gonna kind of go over like this as they speed up and slow down but you’re the
one that keeps keeping the constant spin constant speed it’s kind of like the
movie Days of Thunder with Tom Cruise if you watch that we’re at the end of the
movie he said he’s passing everybody and they’re like oh my god you gotta slow
down because he was trying to keep a constant constant speed and that’s what
they found out was as everybody else was slowing down not him
so watch the movie it’s a good movie it’s it’s about race car
it’s about NASCAR you know they’re making a left turn they’re making a left
turn yeah so there you go okay John thank you so much Edie I’m not sure
if this was asked before if so my apologies when I’m a tractor trader on
it exit how far should you before you signal slow and shift down all right
so Edie excellent question this is a really good question and this isn’t just
for tractor-trailer drivers this is also for people who are driving larger units
ideally you don’t want to start slowing down on the freeway or highway because
you risk being rear-ended okay if you do have to slow down because you’re not
sure what’s going on in those types of things put your four-way flashers on to
indicate to other traffic that you’re going to be unpredictable on the freeway
and you’re getting off ideally a little bit before the off-ramp you want a
signal but you want to maintain your speed on the freeway until you get on to
the deceleration lane that’s why it’s called a deceleration lane so get
completely into the deceleration lane then start slowing down you don’t want
to slow down on the highway or freeway and from my experience of driving in
North America most of the time there’s going to be ample space on the
deceleration lane for you to slow down now saying that Edie if you get off on
the deceleration alene you’re like oh my god I don’t have enough room to slow
down forget downshifting and just get on the
brakes push the clutch in get on the brakes and get the vehicle slowed down
this is the other thing that a lot of students who are taking driver training
with tractor-trailer units think they think that if they get into an emergency
situation they still gotta gear down through all the gears know just leave it
in gear pushing the clutch and brake hard and get the vehicle slowed down and
then when you’re come to a complete stop then get your gear again or slow down to
whatever speed so for example if you’re doing thirty kilometres an hour forty
forty kilometres an hour which is about 25 miles an hour then just go back to
fifth remember fifth is your happy gear and 80% of the time regardless of what
speed you’re going you can get the transmission back into
fifth gear okay so to answer your question and answer this is for
everybody else who’s merging on freeways and getting off the freeway
don’t start slowing down until you get on to that deceleration lane that’s its
purpose it’s for you to reduce speed not on the freeway because it’s unsafe
because you’re committing an unpredictable act and remember anytime
you do something that’s unpredictable slowing down on freeways for example you
are risking a crash and I’ll tell you a story about that I was in Georgia and
I’m on the interstate and you know it’s light traffic very moderate traffic and
I’m going past the peach fields because as the peach orchards rather because as
you know for those of you who live in the States and been to Georgia Georgia’s
the Peach State right they have peach orchards everywhere well it was kind of
interesting and I was kind of you know dazzled by the rose going off and
diagonal lines off into the horizon it was very majestic and romantic as I’m
driving along in the interstate and I’m on cruise control doing about sixty
eight mile an hour going down the interstate and I looked up and there is
an old farmer in a rickety old GMC truck with wooden sides on it and he’s doing
about 50 miles he’s doing 45 miles an hour in the interstate oh my god it was
kind of you know like my friend Jaden here somebody moved into his space it’s
like also I’m just cruising along at 68 mile an hour on cruise and also to look
up and there’s a there’s a truck right in front of me not going very fast at
all well he that driver in the in the farm truck was being unpredictable on
the interstate and I almost drove into the back of him I mean fortunately I
kind of got you know pulled out into the lane got around him and those types of
things but it was one of those very heart-stopping moments in my life where
I remember you know wondering whether I was gonna live to tell that experience
or not bless it how are you my friend there we go so bless it is from Hawaii
there you are all right so we’re gonna wrap up here and remember sign up for
the 100k campaign and the draw for the hundred dollar fuel
card over at the smart drive test website has been successful in passing a
road test if you have any questions at all drop us a note share around in
social media that helps everybody out in terms of passing a road test being safe
for drivers merging on the freeway safely and those types of things so
we’re gonna leave it there for today and thank you everybody for tuning in to the
live stream and if you’re watching on the replay let us know where you’re
tuning in from if you have any questions or suggestions about anything you want
to know about driving let us know and we’ll help you out with that and if you
have a road test coming up in the next couple of weeks good luck on your road
test and remember pick the best answer not necessarily the right answer have a
great day I know

7 thoughts on “How to Correctly Merge Onto A Freeway

  1. https://www.google.com/maps/@40.6852612,-75.2525005,3a,40.3y,32.14h,86.44t/data=!3m7!1e1!3m5!1sihkWxqqXOyu-sLaWed0hFw!2e0!6s%2F%2Fgeo2.ggpht.com%2Fcbk%3Fpanoid%3DihkWxqqXOyu-sLaWed0hFw%26output%3Dthumbnail%26cb_client%3Dmaps_sv.tactile.gps%26thumb%3D2%26w%3D203%26h%3D100%26yaw%3D195.82242%26pitch%3D0%26thumbfov%3D100!7i13312!8i6656 Rick that's US-22 Freeway in Easton, PA at 25th street exit. That should clarify the reply I sent to you in the live chat

  2. Just passed my Class 5 test. This examiner was so impressed by my driving he complimented after we got into the office. I got like 3 demerits, but even he confessed they were pretty much insignificant (e.g. turn position) . There was a part where it was green and I had to make a left turn, but as soon as I entered the intersection it turned amber and I cleared the intersection. There was also a part where there were constructions and he told me to make a right turn while pointing his pen, so I just changed to the right lane and followed the direction of his pen. But it turned out to be blocked, so I just did the best thing and sat there and wait for a left lane change and make the right turn.

    He told me i could've stopped (no timer on pedestrian light), but does he really think I can magically count the invisible timer from green to amber? I mean he could've equally said "why did you stop at green?"

    Anyways, I had a fair examiner. Didn't ask for x-point turns (I found out later it was illegal in Vancouver lol), parallel parking, identify hazards, etc. I had to back in though. What this made me realize is that during a left-turn at intersections, there are just so many things that are beyond the driver's control.

  3. Hello my good man, I was one of those folks requesting a through video on freeway merging, thank you so very much for listening to your subscribers, and I consider myself, a student (!) At 50, I've only been driving for a few months now, and your video tutelage has assisted me tremendously, I keep returning/re-watching for "refresher courses", THANKS RICK and, keep them coming, better/safe driving is a, LIFELONG LESSON!

  4. Thanks for these helpful videos. In the Bay Area in Northern California, some freeway entrances are extremely short. How would you handle a merge in this case? Here is one example: Charleston onto US 101. In this case, there is basically no acceleration lane. Also, this one converts to an off-ramp a very short distance ahead, so people may be trying to exit at the same time as you are entering. This type of entrance is fairly common in the Bay Area, and seems dangerous.

    https://www.google.com/maps/@37.4213716,-122.0935955,3a,75y,109.42h,73.36t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1sJgK9R00fhDDdpBxeKAb6DQ!2e0!7i13312!8i6656

  5. Hi Rick, I got my G2 license in May and I took rental cars most of the weekends till now. I avoided highways till last weekend. Only last weekend I went for drive first time on highway. It wasn't 100% smooth but at least I didn't cause any problem to others and me. I kept on right lane mostly and the speed was between 90 and 100, while the max speed on highway was 100 and most of vehicles were 120-130 kph. Was that a correct thing for me to do?

  6. This seems like a small point but, I bought small convex mirrors (chose the rectangular ones ) for the 1st time – mostly because the glass portion of both side mirrors don't stay in place. I realized I didn't know which corner to apply them. Since then, I've seen others place them in different corners: top/ bottom and top/bottom inner corners

    Also, I applied them with the long sides horizontally.

    Does it make a difference where they're applied?

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